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İNGİLİZCE İCATLAR VE BULUŞLAR

Konusu 'Yabancı Dil Eğitimi-The Foreign Language Education' forumundadır ve dderya tarafından 8 Mayıs 2014 başlatılmıştır.

  1. dderya
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    Elektronik Aletlerin İngilizce Tanıtımı Televizyon

    The television is a great gift of modern science. It was invented by a scientist,
    Baird. These days it is very popular. It is a good source of entertainment.
    Televisions have almost replaced the radios and transistors.
    There are many different programmes everyday on television.
    There are films, songs, music, dramas, plays etc. to keep the viewers entertained.
    Republic Day and Independence Day functions at national and regional levels are also shown on television.
    Now people have colour televisions. It makes viewing more interesting and exciting.


    The television is an improvement on the radio. With it we can see cultural programmes.
    It is also a great source of distance teaching and education. There are special school and college transmissions.
    Thousands of students who cannot attend a school, college or a university are taught through
    it. Its appeal both to the eyes and the ears is great. It makes learning easy.
    Though television is a very useful thing but, if we see it continuously it can affect our eye-sight.
     
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    Elektronik Aletlerin İngilizce Türkçe İsimleri
    Ütü = Iron
    Elektrikli Süpürge = Vacuum Cleaner
    Mutfak Robotu = Food Processor
    Fırın = Oven
    Saç Kurutma Makinesi = Hair Dryer
    Televizyon = Television
    Teyp = Stereo
    Klima = Air Conditioner
    Aspiratör = Extractor Fan
    Vantilatör = Fan
    Matkap = Drilling Machine
    Meyve Sıkacağı = Juicer
    VDC/DVD Oynatıcı = VCD/DVD Player
    Bilgisayar = Computer
    Kahve Makinesi = Coffeemaker
    Su Isıtıcı = Kettle
    Fritöz = Deep Fryer
    Blender = Blender
    Tost Makinesi = Toaster
    Buzdolabı = Fridge
    Kombi = Central Heating Boiler
    Bulaşık Makinesi = Dishwasher
    Çamaşır Makinesi = Laundry Machine
    Ocak = Furnace
    Şofben = Water Heater
    Elektrikli Isıtıcı = Electric Heater
    Tıraş Makinesi = Shaver
    Telsiz Telefon = Cordless Phone
     
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    Teknolojik Aletlerin İngilizce Tanıtımı-Radio




    Radio is one of the most wonderful gifts of science. Radio sets are very popular. They can be found in every home. It has made us feel the world small.

    It helps us in sending news and message without wires. We can enjoy news, music, songs etc. from different part of the world through it sitting in our houses.

    We also get lessons on radio at school. The programmes are broadcast all the twenty four hours from radio. Film songs and children programmes are of much interest.


    Radio is also a powerful means of teaching. In short the radio is of great use and interest to all of us. Now we have pocket radios which are very convenient to carry.
     
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    Bitmez Tükenmez Kalemin İcadı İngilizce

    A Hungarian journalist named Laszlo Biro invented the first ballpoint pen in 1938. Biro had noticed that the type of ink used in newspaper printing dried quickly, leaving the paper dry and smudge-free. He decided to create a pen using the same type of ink. The thicker ink would not flow from a regular pen nib and Biro had to devise a new type of point. He did so by fitting his pen with a tiny ball bearing in its tip. As the pen moved along the paper, the ball rotated picking up ink from the ink cartridge and leaving it on the paper. This principle of the ballpoint pen actually dates back to an 1888 patent owned by John J. Loud for a product to mark leather. However, this patent was commercially unexploited. Laszlo Biro first patented his pen in 1938, and applied for a fresh patent in Argentina on June 10, 1943. (Laszlo Biro and his brother Georg Biro emigrated to Argentina in 1940.) The British Government bought the licensing rights to this patent for the war effort. The British Royal Air Force needed a new type of pen, one that would not leak at higher altitudes in fighter planes as the fountain pen did. Their successful performance for the Air Force brought the Biro pens into the limelight.
     
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    Cep Telefonun İcadı Ve Tarihçesi İngilizce


    Inventor Charles E. The 29 April 1906 issue of Alden, New York World’s claim that there was no chance to produce this device despite the large amounts of Alden “vest mobile phone” to have invented a device called,
    In 1946, the first mobile phone calls made cars. Bell System’s Mobile Telephone Service was made on June 17 in St Louis, Missouri, then, Illinois Bell Telephone Company in the ‘car radio telephone service in Chicago on October 2. MTA phones were composed of vacuum tubes and relays, and 80 pounds (36 kg) weighed in on. 3-band channel between the 32 and then all the users in the metropolitan area increased only 3 channels, were originally. Large portions of North America in the 1980s continued this service. Due to the small number of available radio frequencies, service is fast reaching capacity. In 1956, the world’s first partly automatic car phone system, Mobile System A (MTA), was introduced to Sweden.
    John F. Mitchell in 1973, Motorola’s chief of portable communication products. played an important role in advancing the development of hand-held mobile phone equipment at Mitchell successfully use Motorola to develop wireless communication products small enough to be pushed to the mobile phone, and participated in the design. Martin Cooper, a Motorola researcher and executive, Mitchell was a key researcher for use on a cellular network team has developed the first hand-held mobile phone. [19] using a mobile device is a little heavy, Cooper’s rival, Dr. 3 April 1973 Joel S. made the first call on a handheld cell phone Engel is a Bell Labs.
    I was walking down the street talking on the phone, sophisticated New Yorkers someone actually moving around while making a phone call gaped at the sight. In 1973, the note did not have cell phone or cordless phone. One of the things I’ve ever done in my life is probably more dangerous – I was talking to a New York radio reporter interviewed a large number of I crossed the street, including.
    - Martin Cooper,
    Sold for $ 3,995 and a new invention called “bricks” that leads to two kilograms.
    The world’s first commercial automated cellular network was launched in Japan by NTT in Tokyo metropolitan area in the beginning, in 1979. In 1981, it was followed by the simultaneous launch of the Nordic Mobile Telephone Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden (NMT) system. Some states and the United Kingdom, followed by the early to mid-1980s, including Mexico and Canada.
     
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    Television İmportant Discoveries Televizyonun İcadı
    John Logie Baird and the invention of the television are part of History. But the idea of the television did not start with Logie Baird in the 1920’s. In the late C19th, a number of scientists had made important discoveries that Baird would use in his first version of a television. Henri Becquerel found that light could be changed into electricity and, importantly, Ferdinand Braun had invented the cathode ray tube. By the 1920’s there were 50 serious attempts to invent the television from Russia, America, Germany, Britain and Japan. Many researchers had well resourced and staffed laboratories but the man who invented the television did not.
    John Logie Baird was born in 1888 near Glasgow. He had made money selling socks and soap. This business he sold off to follow his dream of inventing a television. It became an obsession and to survive he had to borrow money from friends and use whatever materials he could including scraps. By 1925, he was ready to give the first public display of a working television. The chosen place was Selfridges in Oxford Street, London. Shoppers saw slightly blurred but recognisable images of letters.
    In 1927, Baird demonstrated colour television and a video-recording system he called a “Phonovision”. In 1928, Baird made the first transatlantic television transmission and one year later he started regular 30-line mechanical broadcasts.
    In 1936, the BBC started the world’s first regular high-definition service from Alexandra Palace using the Baird system, though it was abandoned one year later in favour of a system developed by Marconi-EMI. BY 1939, 20,000 television sets were in use in Great Britain, just 14 years after Baird’s first public demonstration of his system at work. In 1940, Baird gave a demonstration of a high-definition full colour stereo television.
    The editor of the “Manchester Guardian” said at the beginning of the C20th when the word television was thought of that “the word (television) is half-Greek and half-Latin. No good will come of it.”
    One of the leading researchers into television in the 1930’s, Issac Shoenberg, told his research team (who had invented the world’s first practical television camera) that they “had invented the world’s biggest time-waster of all time.”
     
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    Computer İmportant Discoveries Bilgisayarın Kim İcat etti
    Personal computers are now a very common item in many houses yet in 1955, there were only 250 computers in use throughout the world. In 1980, more than one million personal computers had been sold and by the mid-1980’s, this figure had risen to 30 million. How did this come about?
    A computer in 1955 was very large and could not have fitted into a normal room in a normal sized house. They frequently burned out and had a tendency to attract moths into the system which short-circuited them. (Getting a computer ‘bug’ now refers back to the time when moths were a problem to the early computers).
    In the late 1950’s, computers got smaller because one of its main components – the valve – was replaced by the much smaller transistor. These made computers far more reliable and therefore businesses took a much greater interest in them. Firms such as IBM could sell a mainframe computer for just under £½ million pounds in today’s money.
    By the mid-1960’s, the microchip was replacing the transistor. A microchip could have several transistors on it. But being smaller, it lead again to a decrease in the size of computers. By 1965, there were 20,000 computers in the world. The most famous was the IBM System/360.
    The microchip also lead to computers being made that were small enough to get into the average sized room in a house. By 1970, one microchip could contain 1000 transistors on it. In 1970, a home personal computer would have cost nearly £70,000 in today’s money.
    In 1971, the microprocessor went on sale. Developed by Ted Hoff of Intel, the Intel 4004 was to revolutionise home computing. The 4004 cost just over £3000 in today’s money but by 1972, Intel had produced the 8008 which was far more powerful that the 4004 but cost a tenth of the price of the 4004. Microprocessors had a multitude of uses but they could be used at the heart of true personal computers.
    In the early 1970’s personal computers were used only by hobbyists. The first ‘hobby’ personal computer was the Altair 8800 which cost just under £900 in today’s money. It had the same power as a computer of the 1950’s that cost $1 million.
    In 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen developed a program for the Altair that allowed people to write their own programs in BASIC program language. Their newly formed company was called Micro-Soft which was later changed to Microsoft.
     
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    İmportant Discoveries antibiotic Kim Buldu İcadı
    Although for centuries preparations derived from living matter were applied to wounds to destroy infection, the fact that a microorganism is capable of destroying one of another species was not established until the latter half of the 19th cent. when Pasteur noted the antagonistic effect of other bacteria on the anthrax organism and pointed out that this action might be put to therapeutic use. Meanwhile the German chemist Paul Ehrlich developed the idea of selective toxicity: that certain chemicals that would be toxic to some organisms, e.g., infectious bacteria, would be harmless to other organisms, e.g., humans.
    In 1928, Sir Alexander Fleming, a Scottish biologist, observed that Penicillium notatum, a common mold, had destroyed staphylococcus bacteria in culture, and in 1939 the American microbiologist René Dubos demonstrated that a soil bacterium was capable of decomposing the starchlike capsule of the pneumococcus bacterium, without which the pneumococcus is harmless and does not cause pneumonia. Dubos then found in the soil a microbe, Bacillus brevis, from which he obtained a product, tyrothricin, that was highly toxic to a wide range of bacteria. Tyrothricin, a mixture of the two peptides gramicidin and tyrocidine, was also found to be toxic to red blood and reproductive cells in humans but could be used to good effect when applied as an ointment on body surfaces. Penicillin was finally isolated in 1939, and in 1944 Selman Waksman and Albert Schatz, American microbiologists, isolated streptomycin and a number of other antibiotics from Streptomyces griseus.
     
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    İnventors, important discoveries Aspirin İcadı
    aspirin, acetyl derivative of salicylic acid (see salicylate) that is used to lower fever, relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and thin the blood. Common conditions treated with aspirin include headache, muscle and joint pain, and the inflammation caused by rheumatic fever and arthritis. Aspirin is believed to act against fever, pain, and inflammation by interfering with the synthesis of specific prostaglandins in the body. Because of its ability to inhibit the formation of blood clots, aspirin is also used in low doses to prevent heart attack and stroke in persons with cardiovascular disease and to control unstable angina. The drug’s usefulness in preventing certain cancers, the dangerous high blood pressure that sometimes occurs during pregnancy (toxemia), and migraine headaches is also under investigation.
    Normal dosage may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or gastrointestinal bleeding. Large doses cause acid-base imbalance and respiratory disturbances and can be fatal, especially in children. Aspirin also has been linked to the development of Reye’s syndrome (a combination of acute encephalopathy and fatty infiltration of internal organs) in children who have taken it for viral infections. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), which does not cause gastric irritation but does lower fever and relieve pain, is often substituted for aspirin.
    Aspirin, although usually made synthetically now, was originally derived from salicin, the active ingredient in willow bark. Willow bark had been used for centuries in folk medicine in certain parts of the world. Acetylsalicylic acid was first prepared by the German chemist Felix Hoffmann, an employee of Friedrich Bayer & Co., in 1897. It is now the active ingredient in many over-the-counter preparations; estimates put American consumption at 80 billion tablets annually.
     
  10. sulara

    sulara Ziyaretçi

    Çok teşekkür ederim. Çok işime yaradı ingilizce buluşlar ödevimdi. :D
     
    Son düzenleyen: Moderatör: 3 Mayıs 2016

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